In addition to being the most abundant metal on earth, aluminum also is a highly durable and recyclable material. In fact, all pure aluminum and aluminum alloy products, including foil, are readily reclaimed and at only a small fraction (about 5%) of the energy consumption initially required to produce the metal from the ore. Aluminum foil, aluminum beverage cans and closures, and all other types of aluminum products are today being recycled in unprecedented tonnage.
The metal thus converted into re-usable form at low energy cost is fabricated into new aluminum products, to the considerable advantage of the economy in general, and to those individuals and organizations that collect and are paid for the valuable scrap.
The ore of aluminum is called bauxite, of which there are several types, each containing varying amounts of aluminum and other elements. Some aluminum is contained in nearly every handful of earth and every part of the globe, but concentrated deposits are of course scattered. Principal rich deposits presently known are in both the northern and southern hemispheres. Most of the bauxite for U.S. produced aluminum comes from the West Indies, North America, and Australia.